Sanitation and Hygiene KAP and Baseline Study in Selected Schools in Selected Districts of South Sulawesi in Eastern Indonesia 2015

Within the overall framework of the Country Program of Co-operation between UNICEF and the Government of Indonesia, UNICEF had been supporting the implementation of a Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH) in schools in three provinces in Eastern Indonesia. The new project funded by Indomaret aims at improving health, well-being and livelihoods in the project areas through improving hygiene practices and access to safe water and sanitation in schools in South Sulawesi.  Prior the project’s intervention, a baseline study was required.


Myriad was commissioned by UNICEF to conduct the baseline study. The objectives of the study was to establish baseline data and relevant information for the interventions, to fill in data and information gaps, and to gather and analyze students’ insights on knowledge, attitudes, and practices on open defecation, safe drinking and water, and hand washing in the selected three districts in South Sulawesi, namely: Luwu Utara, Barru, and Takalar.


To achieve the research objectives, a triangulation research design was applied.  A desk research to collect secondary data, along with qualitative and quantitative research was conducted. The qualitative research was carried out through two types of data collection: focus group discussion and in-depth interview.  Key informants at this studywere: parents, teachers, principals, school committee, community leader, district education officials, and health officers.In parallel with the qualitative research, a quantitative research was also carried out. The research consisted of two components, namely the baseline study and the KAP study.  For the baseline study, school observation was conducted; while for KAP study, survey face-to-face structured interviews was applied as data collection technique. The survey was conducted among 2400 students from 120 schools in the three districts.